Diasporas do matter and play an important role for both host countries and countries of origin. But the capacity of Diasporas and migrants in general is very much ignored, causing damaging economic and social consequences accross generations and for societies. Breaking this Vicious Circle is crucial!
No such thing as a stupid question infodiasporas.se
Diasporic identity The concept of a diaspora community refers to a group of people with shared ties to ancestral lands outside where they are living their lives. Some may add even other criterias, such as reason for leaving homeland or time spent abroad, thus to exclude those migrants with a sustenance under e.g. one year in host country or whose purpose of staying is only temporary. But what is more significant is how people, of national and ethnic minorities, conceive themselves as being part of a community dispersed from its perceived homeland or country of origin.
To belong or not to belong doesn't necessarily incorporates any direct linkages to a place outside where they are living their lives (even though the trace can go generations back, some may still associate with that country, region or culture). One's recognition of him/her self as connected with a specific Diaspora group is therefore very much self-described.
In one and the same place of origin many cultures and groups can exist paralelly, and given that conflicts, rivality and tensions may have widened the gap between these groups, diasporic identity may for some therefor base on group affiliation instead of place (and that place of specific group affiliations may cross administrative borders). In addition, people may have been extended their families through cross-marriages with other nationalities and with people whose cultural characteristics may not always coincide with one another.
Also, the collective of individuals conceiving themselves having the same origin may have built up its togetherness based on myths sustained and strengthened by traditions. An adoption of a homeland and diasporic group affiliation based on thought past is for some of these people therefor a reality.
For the Benefit of All The characteristics of migrants in general often reveals individuals whose potentials have already been out-lined during the early course of emigration, thus the very potentials of emigrating (to actually leave the world which they are familiar to for new territories) rests on a range of capacity factors, such as resources (e.g. financial conditions and educational background), social network (supporting family members and friends, contacts in general), and not at least determination to succeed with their plans.
It is said that if migrants were a nation, they would be the world fifth larges. What a nation that would be, with citizens talking the world languages and with all those valuable characteristics discussed above.
Win-win-win effect vs. Risks But to utilize the capacity of diasporas and migrants in general both host countries and countries of origin should optimize the conditions - for them to achieve the win-win-win effect where both migrants, host countries and countries of origin gain. If ignored or just taken as a to-big-risk, the cost for society will raise in unproportional levels as the potential benefits from it will be lost and the economic and social expenses will remain high just to master the consequenses.
To turn this trend around the challenge consists - for political leaders - of reaching better understanding how to benefit from migration - which is in fact an inescapable growing global event of humanity. We need to focus at the longterm effects from migration instead of the immediate (the short-term effects are - just as projects in their starting-phase generally are - equivalent to expenses), and governments need to realize that the benefits doesn't come without global collaboration (between states and between states and civil society) and joint resposibility-taking.